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Table 2 Increased risk of malignancy in thyroid nodule

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Thyroid nodules update in diagnosis and management

– History of childhood head/neck irradiation  
– Total body irradiation for bone marrow transplantation [85]  
– Family history of PTC, MTC, or thyroid cancer syndrome (e.g., Cowden’s syndrome, familial polyposis, Carney complex, multiple endocrine neoplasia [MEN] 2, Werner syndrome) in first degree relative  
– Young age  
– Male sex  
– Enlarging nodule  
– Abnormal cervical adenopathy  
– Fixed nodule  
– Vocal cord paralysis