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Table 4 Long-term implications of different types of diabetes in youth

From: Challenges in diagnosis and management of diabetes in the young

Common to all forms of diabetes Likelihood of prolonged exposure to hyperglycemia Issues with glycemic control during puberty
Type 2 diabetes Higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors
Type 1 diabetes Risk of diabetic ketoacidosis during intercurrent illness when insulin omitted
Monogenic diabetes due to transcription factor defects Risk of micro-and macrovascular disease similar to T2D
Monogenic diabetes due to glucokinase defects Low risk of long-term complications
FCPD Low risk of macrovascular disease Risk of microvascular disease comparable to T2D