Skip to main content


Table 4 Long-term implications of different types of diabetes in youth

From: Challenges in diagnosis and management of diabetes in the young

Common to all forms of diabetes Likelihood of prolonged exposure to hyperglycemia
Issues with glycemic control during puberty
Type 2 diabetes Higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors
Type 1 diabetes Risk of diabetic ketoacidosis during intercurrent illness when insulin omitted
Monogenic diabetes due to transcription factor defects Risk of micro-and macrovascular disease similar to T2D
Monogenic diabetes due to glucokinase defects Low risk of long-term complications
FCPD Low risk of macrovascular disease
Risk of microvascular disease comparable to T2D