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Table 4 Results of studies disaggregated by type of health problem addressed

From: Peer support of complex health behaviors in prevention and disease management with special reference to diabetes: systematic reviews

Results by Type of Health Problem Addressed Significant between-group Significant within group Total favoring peer support
Addiction: Drug, Alcohol, Cigarette Smoking 2 (66.7%) 0 2/3 (66.7%)
Cardiovascular disease, including Heart Failure and general prevention through any or all of diet, exercise, PA, BP mgmgt 4 (40.0%) 5 (50.0%) 9/10 (90.0%)
Diabetes, including support for parents of children with diabetes 6 (66.7%) 2 (22.2%) 8/9 (88.9%)
HIV/AIDS 3 (50.0%) 2 (33.3%) 5/6 (83.3%)
Maternal & Child Health: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Pre- and Post-natal care, including breastfeeding 14 (82.4%) 1 (5.9%) 15/17 (88.3%)
Mental Health, including post-partum depression (3) 5 (62.5%) 1 (12.5%) 6/8 (75.0%)
Other Chronic Disease 6 (50.0%) 3 (25.0%) 9/12 (75.0%)
Totals 39 (60.0%) 14 (21.5%) 53 (81.2%)