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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondent

From: Level of adherence to dietary recommendations and barriers among type 2 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study in an Ethiopian hospital

Patient characteristics and clinical data N (%)
Total number of the study population, N 320
Sex
 Male, n (%) 168 (52.5%)
 Female- n, (%) 152 (47.5%)
Age- mean, (SD) 52.69 ± 12.29
Marital status
 Single- n (%) 33 (10.3%)
 Married- n, (%) 218 (68.1%)
 Divorced- n, (%) 56 (17.5%)
 Separated- n, (%) 12 (3.8%)
Resident
 Urban - n, (%) 190 (59.4%)
 Rural - n, (%) 130 (40.6%)
Educational status
 Unable to read and write-, n, (%) 138 (43.1%)
 Able to read and write -, n, (%) 64 (20%)
 Primary education-, n, (%) 25 (7.8%)
 Secondary education- n, (%) 35 (10.9%)
 Higher education- n, (%) 57 (17.8%)
Occupational status
 Student - n, (%) 4 (1.25%)
 Unemployed - n, (%) 82 (25.6%)
 Government employed- n, (%) 78 (24.3%)
 Self-employed- n, (%) 121 (37.9%)
 Non-governmental employed- n, (%) 35 (10.9%)
Monthly income in USD
 > 250- n, (%) 43 (13.4%)
 150–250- n, (%) 95 (29.7%)
 < 150- n, (%) 182 (56.6%)
Duration since diagnosis of DM - mean, (SD) 5.31 ± 3.87
Duration since starting DM treatment - mean, (SD) 5.16 ± 3.77
Family history of DM
 Yes 90 (28.1%)
 No 230 (71.9%)
Co-morbidity
 Yes 129 (40.3%)
 No 191 (59.7%)
Physical exercise
 Yes 122 (38.1%)
 No 198 (61.9%)
Previous exposure to any education regarding diet recommendation from healthcare providers
 Yes 148 (46.2)
 No 172 (52.8)
Follow doctor’s recommendation regarding diet
 Yes 116 (36.2)
 No 204 (63.8)
Encounter problem of remembering eating foods according to doctors advise
 Yes 269 (84.0)
 No 51 (16.0)