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Table 2 Parameters of the primary study group over the study period (N = 24 Age 12–30 y)

From: Using insulin pump with a remote-control system in young patients with diabetes improves glycemic control and enhances patient satisfaction

  Baseline Visit 1 Visit 2  
Mean STD Mean STD Mean STD p-value1
Parameter
 HbA1c [%]
Mmol/mol
9.7
83
1.7 8.5
69
1.3 8.6
70
1.2 0.00009
 HbA1c(relative) 100 0 89.2 14.5 89.9 10.9 0.0001
 Average Daily Insulin (Units) 48.5 17.7 45.5 17.0 46.3 15.9 0.03
 Average Blood Glucose (mg) 211.3 58.0 199.4 59.8
 BP systolic 113.7 9.4 113.4 10.2 114.9 9.9 ns
 BP diastolic 68.7 8.2 67.3 8.1 68.0 8.4 ns
 BMI [kg/m2] 21.5 4.0 22.0 4.1 21.6 4.6 ns
Subjective Perception of Therapy2
 Satisfaction/Analog scale 56.3 12.5 70.2 13.5 75.7 12.6 0.00001
 Satisfaction/Questionnaire 61.7 18.8 73.9 16.4 79.3 10.5 0.00336
 Subjective Handling Ease 44.8 16.7 64.1 20.9 75.3 17.3 0.00006
 Subjective Compliance 47.4 16.5 60.7 13.7 70.6 10.5 0.00003
  1. 1p-value for development from baseline to visit 2 by Wilcoxon signed rank test
  2. 2Analog scale 0–100 = worst to best; the questionnaire ratings (1–5) were rescaled to 0–100;