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Table 5 Change of parameters by remote control group

From: Using insulin pump with a remote-control system in young patients with diabetes improves glycemic control and enhances patient satisfaction

Variable Remote use group1
n = 10
Remote use group2
n = 12
Remote use group3
n = 16
P-value1
mean STD mean STD mean STD  
Age [y] 12.1 3.0 16.5 6.2 11.9 3.2 ns
% Females 60   75   69   ns
Baseline HbA1c[%] 8.82 1.89 9.54 1.86 9.47 1.75 ns
Change2 HbA1c[%] −0.54 1.13 −0.66 1.82 −1.49 1.35 0.0174
%Change HbA1c 95.4 9.5 95.0 17.1 85.7 10.0 0.0152
Baseline Daily Insulin (Units) 38.2 15.6 50.3 18.8 40.4 22.6 ns
Change Daily Insulin (Units) 0.22 6.03 −4.02 5.53 −5.08 10.6 0.08241a
%Change Daily Insulin 102.7 23.2 91.9 10.6 85.1 13.6 0.0394
  1. 1Jonckheere-Terpstra non-parametric trend test; 1a trend
  2. 2Absolute change in HbA1c: HbA1c(visit2)-HbA1c(baseline)
  3. 3Relative change in HbA1c in percent: 100*HbA1c(visit2)/HbA1c(baseline)
  4. 4Absolute change in daily insulin: insulin(visit2)-insulin(baseline)
  5. 5Relative change in daily insulin in percent: 100*insulin(visit2)/insulin(baseline)