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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants (n = 162)

From: Psychosocial distress, clinical variables and self-management activities associated with type 2 diabetes: a study in Ghana

Variable Frequency (%) Mean (SD)
Age (years)   61.0(8.1)
Sex
 Male 34(21.0)  
 Female 128 (79)  
Employment status
 Working Full Time 66 (40.7)  
 Working Part time 07 (4.3)  
 Retired 41 (25.3)  
 Not employed 48 (29.6)  
Level of Education
 Tertiary 14 (8.6)  
 Secondary 75 (46.3)  
 Vocational 14 (8.6)  
 Primary 44 (27.2)  
 None 15 (9.3)  
Marital Status
 Never married 1(.6)  
 Married/cohabiting 92 (56.8)  
 Separated 2 (1.2)  
 Divorced 24 (14.8)  
 Widowed 43 (26.5)  
Duration of Diabetes (years)   8.2 (5.3)
Type of Medication
 Tablet 149 (92.0)  
 Tablet, insulin 11 (6.8)  
 Insulin 2 (1.2)  
Maintaining healthy diet
 No 17 (10.5)  
 Yes 145 (89.5)  
BMI (kg/m2)   29 (5.2)
HbA1c (%) & (mmol/mol)   7.9 (2.0) (63)
Diabetes Complications
None 29 (17.9)  
 Stroke (Only) 1(.6)  
 Cardiovascular disease (Only) 1(.6)  
 Neuropathy (Only) 30 (18.5)  
 Retinopathy (Only) 20 (12.3)  
 Erectile dysfunction (Only) 1(.6)  
Combination of complication 80 (49.5)  
Other Medical Conditions
 Yes- Hypertension 129 (79.6)  
 Yes (Asthma, Ulcer, etc.) 8 (4.9)  
 No 25 (15.4)  
Systolic BP (mmHg)   137.3 (20.9)
Diastolic BP (mmHg)   80.1 (10.4)