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Table 2 Comparing Hemoglobin A1C values before and during the quarantine by patient characteristics and significance of change

From: Effect of Covid-19 quarantine on diabetes Care in Children

   Hemoglobin A1c
Before quarantine
May 2019–April 2020
Hemoglobin A1c
During quarantine
May–July 2020
Change in Hemoglobin A1c
from before to during quarantine
N Mean SD p Mean SD p Mean SD p
Sex     0.4959    0.9976    0.4346
 Female 107 9.15 1.56   9.48 2.11   + 0.33 1.63  
 Male 131 9.30 1.83   9.48 1.97   + 0.18 1.25  
Pump or Multiple Daily Injections (MDI)     0.0003    0.0006    0.5527
 Pump 106 8.81 1.37   8.99 1.75   + 0.18 1.26  
 MDI 132 9.58 1.876   9.87 2.16   + 0.29 1.57  
Insurance     < 0.0001    < 0.0001    0.0137
 Medicaid 111 9.77 1.78   10.26 2.07   + 0.49 1.56  
 Private 127 8.77 1.51   8.80 1.73   + 0.03 1.29  
Type of Diabetes     0.8398    0.7857    0.8946
 1 227 9.23 1.69   9.46 1.98   + 0.23 1.32  
 2 10 9.37 2.15   9.74 3.15   + 0.37 3.20  
Race     < 0.0001    < 0.0001    0.7277
 Black 81 10.08 2.02   10.36 2.24   + 0.28 1.70  
 White 146 8.81 1.32   9.02 1.75   + 0.21 1.25