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Table 2 Behavioral related characteristics of diabetic patients at Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 282)

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Ethiopia: a case–control study

Variable Category Cases Controls
Number (%) Number (%)
Glucometer at home Yes 30 (21.1) 56 (40.0)
No 112 (78.9) 84 (60.0)
Adherence to blood glucose measurement at home Adhered 11 (36.7) 26 (46.4)
Not adhered 19 (63.3) 30 (53.6)
Diet Plan Yes 14 (9.9) 39 (27.9)
No 127 (90.1) 101 (72.1)
Adherence to diet Adhered 2 (14.3) 11 (28.2)
Not adhered 12 (85.7) 28 (71.8)
Medication adherence Adhered 94 (66.2) 97 (69.3)
Not adhered 48 (33.8) 43 (30.7)
Exercise adherence Adhered 16 (11.3) 50 (35.7)
Not adhered 126 (88.7) 90 (64.3)
Alcohol Yes 54 (38.0) 28 (20.0)
No 88 (62.0) 112 (80.0)
Number of bottles per day ≤ 2 bottle 30 (55.6) 17 (60.7)
> 2 bottles 24 (44.4) 11 (39.3)
Smoking Yes 30 (21.1) 37 (26.4)
No 112 (78.9) 103 (73.6)
Number of packets per day < 1 packet 25 (83.3) 28 (75.7)
≥ 1 packet 5 (16.7) 9 (24.3)
Knowledge of DR Poor 74 (52.1) 52 (37.1)
Good 55 (38.7) 66 (47.1)
Excellent 13 (9.2) 22 (15.7)
Attitude toward DR Negative 48 (33.8) 30 (21.4)
Positive 94 (66.2) 110 (78.6)