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Table 1 Number of contacts with the health-care before and after starting insulin treatment

From: Total costs of basal or premixed insulin treatment in 5077 insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes patients: register-based observational study in clinical practice

  Diabetes-related contacts Diabetes-related contacts including cardiovascular Other contacts
  Pre-index Post-index Pre-index Post-index Pre-index Post-index
Treatment Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
NPH 2.0 ± 1.8 2.7 ± 2.8 2.2 ± 2.4 3.1 ± 3.7 11.8 ± 15.4 13.9 ± 16.1
IG 2.1 ± 2.4 2.6 ± 3.1 2.3 ± 2.7 2.9 ± 3.3 12.6 ± 14.7 15.0 ± 16.2
ID 1.9 ± 2.1 2.4 ± 2.4 2.1 ± 2.4 2.6 ± 2.6 12.0 ± 13.8 14.2 ± 16.0
PM 2.1 ± 1.9 2.6 ± 2.5 2.4 ± 2.3 3.0 ± 3.3 13.1 ± 15.5 14.8 ± 15.5
p-values 0.003 0.044 0.00004 0.022 0.00002 0.0009
  1. NPH Neutral protamine Hagedorn, IG insulin glargine, ID insulin determir, PM premixed insulin, SD standard deviation