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Table 4 Test of association between predictive variables with level of adherence

From: Level of adherence to dietary recommendations and barriers among type 2 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study in an Ethiopian hospital

Variables Adherence OR (95% CI) P-value
Poor (238) Good (82) COR AOR  
Resident
 Urban 129 61
 Rural 109 21 2.254 (2.015–2.922) 2.423 (2.132–4.067) 0.043*
Educational status
 Unable to read and write 131 7 2.241 (2.041–3.441) 2.613 (2.021, 6.664) * 0.032*
 Primary education 16 9 0.98 (0.679–1.226) 0.643 (0.0324–1.079) 0.623
 Secondary education 17 18 0.76 (0.214–2.940) 0.482 (0.09–4.371) 0.751
 Higher education 57 48
Occupational status
 Student 2 2
 Unemployed 70 12 2.431 (2.018, 12.790) 4.148 (2.641, 19.13) * 0.024*
 Government employee 49 29 0.769 (0.49–2.52) 0.83 (0.55, 1.98) 0.641
 Self-employed 96 25 0.62 (0.21–2.84) 1.74 (0.50, 10.66) 0.645
 Non-governmental employee 21 14 0.869 (0.49–2.52) 0.93 (0.25, 1.87) 0.751
Monthly income in USD
  > 250 5 38
 150–250 61 34 2.322 (0.845–5.799) 1.833 (0.672–5.513) 0.237
  < 150 172 10 4.860 (2.003–9.484) 6.781 (2.001–9.902) 0.027*
Duration since diagnosis of DM
 0–5 years   
 5–10 years    0.0881 (0.0764–14.704) 0.076 (0.032–19.872) 0.075
  > 10 years    2.434 (2.115–8.230) 2.814 (2.781–12.060) 0.037*
Duration since starting DM treatment
 0–5 years    3.74 (1.415–9.230) 5.714 (2.81–14.160) 0.07
 5–10 years    0.881 (0.264–3.704) 2.626 (1.103–3.872) 0.065
  > 10 years   
Family history of DM
 Yes 29 61
 No 209 21 1.054 (0.645–1.722) 0.823 (0.432–1.567) 0.55
Co-morbidity
 Yes 108 21 4.76 (2.55, 7.03) 7.60 (3.29, 14.845) * 0.002*
 No 130 61
Physical exercise
 Yes 69 53
 No 169 29 2.09 (0.88–4.30) 0.988 (0.0218, 1.770) 0.627
Previous exposure to any education regarding diet recommendation from healthcare providers
 Yes 79 69
 No 191 13 5.24 (3.49–8.37) 8.14 (2.27–47.29) * 0.0001*
  1. Level, * significant at 0.05 level
  2. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval