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Table 1 Profiles of admissions during June to August 2013 compared against June to August 2016

From: Evaluating the effectiveness of a multi-faceted inpatient diabetes management program among hospitalised patients with diabetes mellitus

  June to August 2013 June to August 2016 P-valuea
Admissions 3315 3130  
DEMOGRAPHIC
Age (in years), mean (SD) 67.6 (13.7) 66.4 (13.5) 0.01
Male, n (%) 1785 (53.9) 1678 (53.6) 0.861
Ethnicity, n (%)
  Chinese 1878 (56.8) 1840 (58.8) 0.359
  Indian 477 (14.4) 425 (13.6)  
  Malay 675 (20.4) 600 (19.2)  
  Others 285 (8.6) 265 (8.5)  
ADMISSION CHARACTERISTICS
Admissions to, n (%)
  Medical wards 2776 (83.7) 2549 (81.4) 0.029
  Surgical wards 425 (12.8) 473 (15.1)  
  Othersb 114 (3.4) 108 (3.45)  
Admission via emergency, n (%) 2238 (67.5) 2214 (70.7) 0.005
With more severe illness, n (%)c 2999 (90.5) 2633 (84.1) <  0.001
INFORMATION USED TO IDENTIFY ADMISSIONS WITH DM
DM medications was prescribed, n (%) 2931 (88.4) 2851 (91.1) <  0.001
Any capillary blood glucose reading >  11.1 mmol/L, n (%) 2849 (85.9) 2557 (81.7) <  0.001
Any HbA1c > 6.5% or 48 mmol/L, n (%) 869 (26.2) 531 (17.0) <  0.001
  1. aFor age, Student’s t-test was performed to obtain the p-value. For the rest of the variables, Fisher’s exact test was performed to obtain the p-values
  2. bOthers include patients who were transferred across types of wards during admission, or admitted to a non-medical and non-surgical ward
  3. cAn admission was considered as being more severe if the patient had any of the following laboratory tests performed during the hospital stay, albumin, creatinine, C - reactive protein, white blood cells, and troponin I