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Table 3 Clinical related characteristics of diabetic patients at Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 282)

From: Determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Ethiopia: a case–control study

Variable Category Cases Controls
Number (%) Number (%)
Type of DM Type I 56 (39.4) 56 (40.0)
Type II 86 (60.6) 84 (60.0)
Duration of DM < 5 years 12 (8.5) 82 (58.6)
5–10 years 26 (18.3) 31 (22.1)
11–15 years 30 (21.1) 15 (10.7)
> 15 years 74 (52.1) 12 (8.6)
Family history of DM Yes 42 (29.6) 43 (30.7)
No 100 (70.4) 97 (69.3)
Glycemic control Good 33 (23.2) 107 (76.4)
Poor 109 (76.8) 33 (23.6)
Hemoglobin level < 11 mg/dl 38 (26.8) 31 (22.1)
≥ 11 mg/dl 104 (73.2) 109 (77.9)
SBP < 140 mmHg 40 (28.2) 116 (82.9)
≥ 140 mmHg 102 (71.8) 24 (17.1)
DBP < 90 mmHg 84 (59.2) 89 (63.6)
≥ 90 mmHg 58 (40.8) 51 (36.4)
BUN < 6 mg/dl 47 (33.1) 23 (16.4)
6–31 mg/dl 69 (48.6) 96 (68.6)
> 31 mg/dl 26 (18.3) 21 (15.0)
Creatinine > 1.2 mg/dl 73 (51.4) 44 (31.4)
≤ 1.2 mg/dl 69 (48.6) 96 (68.6)
Hyperlipidemia Yes 65 (45.8) 28 (20.0)
No 77 (54.2) 112 (80.0)
Neuropathy Yes 41 (28.9) 25 (17.9)
No 101 (71.1) 115 (82.1)
Nephropathy Yes 55 (38.7) 21 (15.0)
No 87 (61.3) 119 (85.0)
Treatment modality Injection/insulin 54 (38.0) 55 (39.3)
Oral hypoglycemic 65 (45.8) 52 (37.1)
Both insulin and oral hypoglycemic 16 (11.3) 15 (10.7)
Diet or exercise 7 (4.9) 18 (12.9)
History of cataract surgery Yes 16 (11.3) 11 (7.9)
No 126 (88.7) 129 (92.1)
BMI Underweight 18 (12.7) 14 (10.0)
Normal 48 (33.8) 79 (56.4)
Overweight 20 (14.1) 15 (10.7)
Obesity 56 (39.4) 32 (22.9)